Atheism is the belief that it can be proven that God does not exist. Agnosticism, on the other hand, is the belief that man cannot know whether or not God exists. It is possible to hold weaker forms of either view. However, this chapter is only concerned with refuting the more dogmatic forms of atheism and agnosticism. Only the stronger forms, if proven, would defeat theism. The weaker forms leave open the possibility of theism. However, both atheism and agnosticism, in their strongest forms, are self-refuting.
In order for one to disprove God’s existence (atheism), he would have to be all-knowing. One would need to have the ability to see and know all things in the physical and spiritual realms. In short, one would have to be God to disprove God’s existence. Of course, this is absurd.
Agnosticism is also self-defeating. One must know something about God to know that nothing can be known about God. Obviously, this statement refutes itself. Therefore, agnosticism, like atheism, is a self-refuting view. Many agnostics say that since man is finite (limited), he can never attain knowledge of an infinite (unlimited) Being. It is true that the finite cannot find the infinite on its own. However, this ignores the possibility that the infinite Being may choose to reveal Himself to finite beings. This is exactly what Christianity claims. The Bible teaches that God reveals Himself through both nature (Romans 1:18-22; Psalms 19:1) and the scriptures (2 Timothy 3:16-17; 2 Peter 1:20-21)
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